O’Fallon is one of the fastest growing towns in the Metro area, and the third largest in Metro-East, and has had that title more than once in its history. First created as a small farming area, O’Fallon was put on the map by a new railroad depot, and the city was plotted, and lots were sold in a public auction almost all at once. The city has gained in population every year since its founding, except for 1930, which is a unique achievement. In addition to its pride of place as a popular place to live, O’Fallon has 11 parks, 3 major annual festivals, and 15 local schools, which offers a lot in terms of things to do and entertainment for families. The towns close proximity to the Scott Air Force Base means that there are plenty of military and military dependents living in the area, as well as business from those families. The Scott Air Force Base Field is also a historical place, and visited by tourists. Yearly festivals celebrate arts, crafts, and culture, and are usually held in the fall, and are large enough to draw visitors from around Illinois.